A gearing ratio is a category offinancial ratios that compare company debt relative sầu to lớn financial metrics such as total equity or assets. Investors, lenders, và analysts sometimes use these types of ratios lớn assesshow a company structures itself & the amount of risk involved with its chosen capital structure.

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What Is a Gearing Ratio?

A gearing ratio is a measurement of a company”s financial leverage, or the amount of business funding that comes from borrowed methods (lenders) versus company owners (shareholders). Well-known gearing ratios include debt-to-equity, debt-to-capital & debt-service ratgame ios.

Although financial leverage and financial risk are not the same, they are interrelated. Measuring the degree to which a company uses financial leverage is a way khổng lồ assess its financial risk.

Lenders may use gearing rattiện ích ios lớn decide whether or not to lớn extkết thúc credit, & investors may use them lớn determine whether or not khổng lồ invest in a business. A higher gearing ratio usually indicates higher financial risk.

While there is no mix gearing ratio that indicates a good or bad structured company, general guidelines suggest that between 25% và 1/2 is best unless the company needs more debt to lớn operate.

How Do You Calculate a Gearing Ratio?

There are many types of gearing ratgame ios, but a comtháng one khổng lồ use is the debt-to-equity ratio. To calculate it, you add up the long-term và short-term debt & divide it by the shareholder equity. If you don”t have any shareholders, then you (the owner) are the only shareholder, & the equity in this equation is yours.


Long-term debt includes loans, leases, or any other form of debt that requires payments at least a year out. Short-term debt usually requires payment within a year.

How Gearing Ratgame ios Work

If your company had $100,000 in debt, & your balance sheet showed $75,000 of shareholders” or owners” equity, then your gearing ratio would be about 133%, which is generally considered high.

Raising capital by continuing lớn offer more shares would help decrease your gearing ratio. For example, if you managed khổng lồ raise $50,000 by offering shares, your equity would increase to $125,000, và your gearing ratio would decrease to 80%.

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Another method to decrease your gearing ratio is to lớn increase your sales in an attempt to increase revenue. You could also try lớn convince your lenders lớn convert your debt into lớn shares.

Limitations of Gearing Ratgame ios

The results of gearing ratio analysis can add value khổng lồ a company”s financial planning when compared over time. But as a one-time calculation, gearing ratgame ios may not provide any real meaning.

It”s also important lớn rethành viên that although high gearing ratio results indicate high financial leverage, they don”t always mean that a company is in financial dibít tất tay. While firms with higher gearing rattiện ích ios generally carry more risk, regulated entities such as utility companies commonly operate with higher debt levels.

Monopolistic companies often also have sầu a higher gearing ratio because their financial risk is mitigated by their svào industry position. Additionally, capital-intensive sầu industries, such as manufacturing, typically finance expensive sầu equipment with debt, which leads to higher gearing ratquả táo.

For this reason, it”s important khổng lồ consider the industry that the company is operating in when analyzing it”s gearing ratio, because different industries have sầu different standards.

A gearing ratio compares the funds a company borrows relative lớn its equity, or capital.Different types of gearing ratios exist, but a common one is the debt-to-equity ratio.A higher gearing ratio usually indicates higher financial risk to lớn stockholders & lenders.It”s important lớn consider the industry and type of company when analyzing & comparing gearing ratquả táo.

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